You can make sorting of your products data easier with classifications. They allow you to categorize and describe your products and services in a uniform way so your partners will be able to understand and orientate in the data well. Let’s introduce the standard classifications like eCl@ss, ETIM or UNSPSC.
The main goal of companies is to develop, produce and sell their products and services. All these activities lead to recording, arranging and managing a big amount of data and information. The purpose of such classification is to create a uniform and logical system, that can structure and manage the product data and also to secure problem-free communication between different subjects. It often happens that you and your partner use different words to say exactly the same thing. Thus, the classification of products and services can prevent misunderstanding and unite the classification.
Thanks to classification, it is not necessary to register the same data all over again, which was quite expensive and time-consuming process. Once the data is collected, they are always available to customers in a clear and unified form. You can update the classified product data very easily by a few mouse clicks or you can convert them into a catalogue.
It is indisputable, that customers themselves can profit from this product classification because they might be well informed about the situation on the market and they will be able to compare products among each other. Unfortunately, many companies are opposed to that kind of comparison to other competitors. But after all, classifications can help companies with the sales, because the customer can find exactly those products that meet his requirements the most on the market. Companies then can offer and finally sell him desired products easier.
One of the standard classifications is eCl@ss. It is suitable for different industrial branches, internationally successful and available in multiple languages. eCl@ss contains 41 000 product classes and almost 17 000 attributes.
eCl@ss operates on the principle of a hierarchical system and classifies products and services into four-step categories (main groups, groups, commodity classes, properties). Each of thus classified product or service is labelled by an eight-digit number.
Another example of a standard classification is ETIM. It is more suitable for fields in electrical engineering. It contains around 2 500 product classes.
ETIM, as well as eCl@ss, is based on a hierarchical system and classifies products into a two-step segments (group, class). ETIM enables to describe products unambiguously in a technical manner because each class has individually defined properties and keywords.
UNSPSC is classification used mainly in the English-speaking countries. It is suitable for different branches and can be used as support for electronic processes connected to sales and purchase.
The UNSPSC classification classifies products into 5 categories (segment, family, class, commodity, business function). The first 4 categories are standardized. Nevertheless, UNSPSC supports no attributes.
It is very often that customers do not want to apply a standard classification and they create their own internal one. Alternatively, they can use the own classification of Amazon or eBay. However, most of the time such classifications are not done properly and they don’t achieve qualities compared to the standard classifications.